Economy of Georgia

By | March 4, 2023

Georgia is a small country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia that is home to a diverse economy. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Georgia has been an important trading hub for centuries. The country has also become a major hub for business, with its strategic location, competitive labor costs, and low taxes attracting foreign investors.

The Georgian economy is primarily driven by its service sector which accounts for 62% of GDP. This sector includes banking, telecommunications, tourism and retail services. Manufacturing makes up 17% of the economy and includes textiles, food processing and machinery production. Agriculture accounts for 8% of GDP and includes wine-making and tea production amongst other crops.

The Georgian government has implemented several economic reforms over the past decade to improve economic conditions in the country. These include reducing trade barriers with other countries as well as increasing foreign direct investment (FDI). The government has also implemented tax reforms to make the system simpler and more efficient while reducing corporate tax rates to 20%. This has helped attract more foreign investors into the country.

In recent years Georgia’s economy has experienced strong growth due to increased FDI flows into the country as well as improved macroeconomic stability following a period of high inflation in the early 2000s. This growth was mainly driven by private consumption which increased by an average of 7% per annum between 2013-2018 due to improved living standards in the country.

In addition to this strong growth, poverty levels have declined significantly over recent years due to targeted government policies aimed at improving access to health care, education, housing and employment opportunities for those living in poverty stricken areas.

Despite these successes there are still some challenges facing Georgia’s economy such as high levels of corruption within state institutions which can lead to inefficient allocation of resources as well as limited access to capital for businesses looking to expand or innovate their products or services. Additionally infrastructure development remains an issue with roads often being poorly maintained or non-existent outside major cities making it difficult for businesses operating in rural areas or townships outside major cities such as Tbilisi or Batumi from accessing markets both domestically and internationally.

Overall Georgia’s economy is on an upward trajectory with strong economic growth expected over the coming years thanks largely due to increased FDI flows into the country coupled with improved macroeconomic stability which should continue provided reforms remain on track.

Top 3 Counties in Georgia

According to, main counties in Georgia include:

Forsyth County: Located in the north-central part of Georgia, Forsyth County is one of the fastest growing counties in the state. It is known for its picturesque views, vibrant communities, and abundant recreational activities. The county includes two cities, Cumming and Alpharetta, and a diverse mix of suburban and rural neighborhoods. In addition to its stunning natural beauty, Forsyth County is home to many popular attractions such as the Sawnee Mountain Preserve, Lake Lanier Islands Resort, and Fowler Park. With a population of over 200,000 people and an average household income of over $90,000 per year, Forsyth County has become one of the most desirable places to live in Georgia.

Cherokee County: Located in northern Georgia near the Appalachian Mountains, Cherokee County is known for its rolling hillsides and lush forests. It is home to several popular cities including Woodstock and Canton as well as numerous small towns like Ball Ground and Waleska. The county offers plenty of outdoor activities such as hiking trails at Red Top Mountain State Park or fishing on Lake Allatoona. With an estimated population of 250,000 people living within its borders and an average household income exceeding $70K per year Cherokee County has become a desirable destination for families looking to settle down in Georgia.

Fulton County: Home to Atlanta—the capital city of Georgia—Fulton County is one of the most populous counties in the state with over 1 million residents living within its borders. From bustling downtown areas full of attractions like Centennial Olympic Park to suburban neighborhoods with tree-lined streets Fulton County offers something for everyone. In addition to all that Atlanta has to offer Fulton also boasts several large parks such as Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area or Piedmont Park which provide visitors with ample opportunities for outdoor recreation activities such as biking or kayaking along the river or simply taking in the beautiful views from nearby Lookout Mountain or Stone Mountain Park.

Economy of Georgia