Geography of Caddo Parish, Louisiana

By | March 5, 2024

Caddo Parish, located in northwest Louisiana, is a region rich in natural beauty, cultural heritage, and diverse geography. From the lush forests and swamps to the meandering rivers and lakes, the geography of Caddo Parish plays a significant role in shaping its economy, ecology, and way of life. In this comprehensive overview, we’ll explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features of Caddo Parish.


According to Healthvv, Caddo Parish covers an area of approximately 937 square miles in northwest Louisiana. It is bordered by the Red River to the west, Bossier Parish to the east, De Soto Parish to the south, and the state of Texas to the west. The parish seat is Shreveport, the third-largest city in Louisiana, while other significant communities include Blanchard, Greenwood, and Oil City.

The landscape of Caddo Parish is diverse, encompassing fertile plains, dense forests, and expansive wetlands. The parish lies within the Gulf Coastal Plain region of Louisiana, characterized by its gently rolling terrain and rich soils. Agriculture, particularly the cultivation of cotton, soybeans, and corn, is a prominent industry in the parish, alongside oil and gas extraction and manufacturing.


Caddo Parish experiences a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. The region’s climate is influenced by its proximity to the Gulf of Mexico and its location in the southern United States.

Summers in Caddo Parish are long and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 31-34°C). High humidity levels can make the temperature feel even warmer, particularly during heatwaves in July and August. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months, bringing heavy rainfall and occasional severe weather.

Winters in Caddo Parish are mild and relatively short, with average high temperatures in the 50s and 60s Fahrenheit (around 10-20°C). Frost and freezing temperatures are rare, although occasional cold fronts can bring brief periods of colder weather. Snowfall is rare in the region, typically occurring only once every few years.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons, with gradually changing temperatures and blooming vegetation. These seasons bring mild, pleasant weather, making them ideal times to explore Caddo Parish’s outdoor attractions and cultural events.

Rivers and Lakes

Caddo Parish is home to several rivers, bayous, and lakes, which play important roles in both the region’s ecology and human activities such as recreation, fishing, and transportation.

The Red River, one of the major rivers in the southern United States, flows along the western border of Caddo Parish, providing habitat for diverse wildlife and supporting recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and birdwatching. The river is known for its scenic beauty, historic significance, and important role in the region’s economy.

Other significant rivers in Caddo Parish include the Twelve Mile Bayou, Cross Bayou, and Black Bayou, which meander through the parish and empty into the Red River. These bayous provide habitat for various species of fish, birds, and other wildlife, as well as opportunities for outdoor recreation and scenic beauty.

Caddo Parish also contains several lakes and reservoirs, including Caddo Lake and Cross Lake, which offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and picnicking. These lakes provide additional recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike, as well as important habitats for waterfowl and other wildlife.

Natural Attractions

In addition to its rivers and lakes, Caddo Parish boasts several natural attractions that showcase the region’s beauty and biodiversity.

Caddo Lake, located along the border between Texas and Louisiana, is a unique ecosystem renowned for its cypress swamps, bald cypress trees, and abundant wildlife. The lake is a designated Ramsar Wetland of International Importance and a popular destination for fishing, birdwatching, and nature photography.

Red River National Wildlife Refuge, situated along the Red River in Caddo Parish, is a protected area that preserves diverse habitats, including bottomland hardwood forests, wetlands, and prairies. The refuge provides habitat for a variety of wildlife, including white-tailed deer, migratory birds, and American alligators, as well as opportunities for hiking, wildlife viewing, and environmental education.


Caddo Parish, Louisiana, offers a diverse array of geographical features, including rivers, lakes, wetlands, and forests. The region’s humid subtropical climate, fertile soils, and natural resources make it a desirable destination for residents and visitors alike. Whether it’s fishing on the Red River, exploring the swamps of Caddo Lake, or hiking in Red River National Wildlife Refuge, Caddo Parish invites visitors to experience the best that northwest Louisiana has to offer.