Greece Archaeology Part 4

By | February 11, 2022

In Thrace, prospecting in the territory, both along the coast and inland, has led to the discovery of numerous ancient settlements. In addition, research continued in the Greek colonies of Halkidiki, Macedonia and Thrace. Other sectors of the fortification were explored in Amphipolis, the bridge supported by wooden poles over the Strymon, the gymnasium from the 3rd century BC, a sanctuary of Attis and a large peristyle house from the 2nd century BC, with stuccoed walls that imitate the ‘pseudoisodoma work. In Torone (Chalkidiki), in addition to the classical and Hellenistic fortifications, the archaic and classical settlement of the lower city was excavated, and new and important elements were acquired on the topography and on the phases of occupation of the site, starting from 3 Th millennium BC

In Ierissòs, the ancient Acanto, excavations continued in the necropolis of the 4th century BC; in Abdera the research concerned the two city walls, the one from the 7th century BC and the classical one, a sanctuary frequented from the end of the 6th to the beginning of the 3rd century BC, the necropolis from the 7th to the 5th century BC, the inhabited of the classical age. In Nea Pèramos, the ancient Oisyme, colony of Thasos, a peripteral temple from the early 5th century BC was discovered, superimposed on a 7th century temple; the votive material is abundant and rich. In Mesembria, new research has involved the fortifications, the western necropolis of the 5th century BC, the inhabited area and the area of ​​the sanctuary of Demeter. A well of an ancient mine has been identified in Maronea, which constitutes the first archaeological evidence of the presence of mines of gold and silver in the area. Research has also involved the theater and the Hellenistic settlement.

Aegean islands. – According to Thedresswizard, the intense research activity has brought new and valuable contributions to the history of the Greek island civilization. In the northern islands of the Greece research activity resumed in Lemnos: in the sanctuary and in the Tyrrhenian houses of Efestia and in the Cabirion di Cloe, where the Hellenistic telesterion and two votive deposits were excavated, one classical Hellenistic, the other subgeometric. In Samothrace, in addition to the excavation in the fortified settlement of the Iron Age in the vicinity of Chora, research continued in the Cabirion, where between the great stoàHellenistic and medieval fortification three buildings were brought to light, one of which, from the first half of the 3rd century BC, built specifically to guard a ship (perhaps the one conquered by Antigono Gonata from the Ptolemaic fleet). In Thasos the Ecole française has conducted excavations at the fortifications, in the Artemision (rectangular altar of the end of the 6th-beginning of the 5th century BC), in the Herakleion (temple of the second half of the 7th century BC under the archaic one), in the port, in the inhabited area near the door of the Silenus (two districts and a street, artisan installations, a bronze workshop).

Other investigations have involved the ancient mines, including one for the extraction of iron and copper on the acropolis, exploited starting from the 6th century BC and the marble quarries of the 4th century BC; prospecting in the chòra made it possible to identify numerous rural settlements, workshops of potters active from the 6th to the 3rd century BC (that of Kounouphia returned numerous stamps of amphorae from the end of the 4th-3rd century BC), metallurgical kilns in Mariès, possibly from the Iron Age. The numerous urgent interventions of the Greek Archaeological Service (fortifications, inhabited area, necropolis) also contributed to better defining the topography of the ancient center.

In Lesbos new discoveries are recorded in Antissa (Hellenistic tombs), in Ereso (part of the fortifications), in Metimna (fortifications, archaic and 4th century BC tombs) and above all in Mytilene (5th and 4th century BC fortifications, Hellenistic necropolis, inhabited starting from the Archaic age, with apsidal building in lesbia technique). The Canadian Institute has identified a Hellenistic sanctuary of Demeter on the Kastro and a late 5th century BC adobe building. In Chios, the discoveries of recent years have made it possible to re-examine the topography of the city, of which the most ancient phases of occupation are now documented (starting from the geometric age), the displacement of the inhabited area from the Archaic to the Roman age, the drainage and water supply system, artisanal neighborhoods. In Samos, research by the Germanic Archaeological Institute has made significant contributions to the topography and history of the sanctuary of Hera. The investigations were concentrated in the north-east sector, where an archaic temple of considerable size was identified, and in the south-east sector, where two wells filled with votive material from the 7th century BC were explored. valuable objects of ivory, wood and bronze, which document the close relations with Egypt and the regions of the Near East, and two exceptional marble statues of the samia factory, acolossal kouros from 570-560 BC and a faithful replica of the Hera of Cheramyes. In Pythagorion the archaic Artemision and the stadium have been identified, and some sectors of the necropolis from the geometric age to the Hellenistic age have also been explored. Numerous and interesting researches have been carried out in the Cyclades, where an interdisciplinary team of the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris has also worked, which has as its program the study of the environment and occupation of prehistoric and historical times, as well as of local ceramic production. in geometric and archaic ages.

Greece Archaeology 4