Greece Archaeology Part 5

By | February 12, 2022

In Andro, the museum that houses the finds from the excavations of Zagora was inaugurated and, after thirty years, the research in the ancient city was resumed, with survey campaigns and prospecting especially for the walls. A new settlement of the Recent Geometric has been discovered in Aprovatu; on the acropolis a small building prostyle in antis, with an altar, around which ceramic fragments from the 8th century BC to the classical age have been found. At Tera, excavations continued in the archaic and classical necropolis of Sellada; in Sifno a Mycenaean and geometric settlement has been excavated on the acropolis of Hàghios Andreas; in Delos, restoration and museum arrangement works were carried out, tests were carried out on the apsidal building, the prytaneum, the theater, excavations in the Skardana district; the Archaeological Society of Athens and the University of Alynnina worked in Amorgos in the locality of Minoa (town, sanctuary of the geometric age, temple, gymnasium and workshops of potters from the Hellenistic period), in Arkesine (survey and study of the walls) and Lefkes (4th-3rd century BC structures). On the island of Paro to the excavation activity in the ancient center, the current Paroikìa (fortifications of the 4th century BC, necropolis from the 7th century to the Hellenistic age), the researches of the German mission of the University of Munich, which involved the most important sanctuaries of the island (the Delion, the Pythion, the Thesmophorion). The study of the architectural elements reused in the late buildings of Paroikìa also made it possible to identify numerous monumental buildings of the archaic and classical age, including a theater, altars, temples, etc., and to integrate well-known buildings, such as theheroon of Archilochus and the temple of Màrmara. New data have been acquired on the limits of the inhabited area of ​​ancient Paro and on the fortifications. The Archaeological Society of Athens has worked on the acropolis of Kukunariès, a site frequented since the Bronze Age and home to a vast settlement of the Geometric and Orientalising age, to which a sanctuary is attributable, which is the oldest place of worship of Athena so far recognized in the Aegean. In Naxos, the exploration and restoration of the temple of Apollo was completed and investigations were conducted in the sanctuary of Ghyroulos (Marmaria). In the area of ​​the agoraconstructions of the classical age have been brought to light with reconstructions of the Hellenistic age. Investigations were conducted in the geometric and archaic necropolises. A geometric necropolis with rich grave goods has been excavated in Plithos. There are two most important systematic investigations: the first in the Grotta region, site of a settlement that goes from the early Cycladic period to the Hellenistic age; the second by the University of Munich, in collaboration with the Archaeological Society of Athens, in the great archaic Ionic temple of Iria, of significant importance for the history of Greek architecture.

According to Thenailmythology, archaeological investigations in Euboea have involved many localities with findings from different eras: tombs from the Hellenistic period have been excavated in Plàtanos and Hàghios Stéphanos; the marble quarries of Caristo were studied, where, in the Paleopithari locality, a fortified settlement was identified and a 5th century BC farm was excavated; in Aspròchoma five outcrops of iron ore have been identified, four of which were exploited in ancient times. Apart from the numerous urgent interventions in Chalcis (stretch of the acropolis fortification, buildings of the Geometric, Classical and Hellenistic age and geometric and Hellenistic tombs), the most significant discoveries were made in the necropolis of Lefkandi (see in this Appendix).

In the Sporades, some interesting discoveries have been made in Kos (part of the city walls, archaic temple, perhaps of Artemis, Gymnasium, ancient arsenals) and above all in Rhodes, where the building expansion has prompted numerous interventions in the town, in the fortifications, in the Hellenistic necropolis. Metallurgical installations from the 4th century BC and some Hellenistic potters’ ovens have also been discovered. A section of the archaic walls and a funerary monument of the Hellenistic period with a Doric colonnade on the facade have been excavated in Lindo. On the island of Crete, researches of considerable importance have dealt with the problems relating to the moment of transition from the last phases of the Minoan civilization (see Crete, in this Appendix) to the Iron Age.

At Kato Symi, excavations continued at the sanctuary of Hermes and Aphrodite, where a continuity of worship from the Late Minoan to the Hellenistic age is attested, and a new peak sanctuary was explored at Ghiuchtas Archanon, frequented from the Middle-Minoan to the Geometric Recently, with a hiatusin the Protogeometric. In Kommos, port of Phaistos, on the remains of the Minoan structures a sanctuary was explored which was frequented from 925 BC to 150 AD, with three superimposed temples, the first from the end of the 9th century BC, the second from the 8th-7th century. century BC (with a Phoenician altar with three betyls), the last of the 4th century BC. most important (bronze objects, gold and silver jewelry, weapons, ornaments and appliquesivory of oriental origin, etc.) are placed above all in the geometric and orientalizing age. A settlement and geometric tombs and a sanctuary of the Recent Geometric have been discovered in Kavùsi; a geometric and archaic settlement has been explored in Krusonas, together with a votive deposit with archaic terracotta plaques. Numerous excavations have been carried out in the geometric and Orientalizing necropolises: in Priniàs, in Knossos, in Kryà, in Vuves and Gavalomuri, in Preso, in Elèftherna. A geometric age votive deposit with numerous terracotta figurines was discovered in Sitia; in Axo excavations have been carried out in the archaic necropolis; in Vrysses Kydonìas a classical age sanctuary and a classical-Hellenistic neighborhood superimposed on a geometric age frequentation have been explored; the systematic exploration of the ancient center began in Litto (agora and other buildings); in Phaistos a protogeometric chamber tomb was discovered and, in the Hellenistic necropolis, a coin treasure of 600 tetradrams of Alexander the Great and the Diadochi was found; in Gortina (see in this Appendix) the Hellenistic fortifications on the hill of Prophitis Ilìas were identified and excavated and the exploration of the geometric and orientalizing settlement began; new and important data have also been acquired on the topography of the lower city. At Falasarna the excavation of the fortified port of the 5th century BC was started; a large hypogean tomb from the Hellenistic period was found in Lagane near Chanià.

Greece Archaeology 5