Morocco is located in northern Africa and borders Algeria. The border with the territory of the Western Sahara is disputed. The area has been claimed by Morocco since its release from Spanish colonial rule. In the north, only the Strait of Gibraltar separates the country from the European continent and thus Spain. Morocco is a very diverse country with beautiful landscapes – including deserts and mountainous landscapes. See ANDYEDUCATION.COM for education in Morocco.
|Official Language||Arabic and Mazirian|
|Telephone Area Code||+212|
Fast facts to know
- Morocco is a politically stable country with a good tourism and security infrastructure.
- People like to trade and haggle in the markets.
- The economy is dominated by mining, agriculture and power generation.
- Has a well-developed rail network.
- No vaccinations are mandatory. However, hepatitis A and DTP are recommended.
- Morocco is not a malaria area.
- Water should only be drunk from sealed bottles or cans. Tea, coffee safe. Ice cubes are most trustworthy when they are round spheres with holes in the middle. Fruit juice only if no water has been added.
- Don’t forget bug spray and sunscreen.
- Meat should be eaten well done.
- Germans do not need an additional visa, a passport with a validity of 6 months is sufficient.
- Many Moroccans also speak French, some also English.
- Morocco an Islamic country.
- Appropriate clothing is recommended.
- You should ask permission before photographing people.
- There are a large number of Islamic and traditional holidays. Note Ramadan!
- A small tip is generally expected.
- Voltage is 220V like in Germany.
- Mobile communication is very well developed, many accommodations offer WLAN.
Exciting cities in Morocco
History of Morocco
- 2nd century BC BC Settlement by the first Berber tribes.
- 12th century BC Phoenicians found trading posts on the coast.
- 4th century BC BC the kingdom of Mauritania develops inland.
- 33 BC BC Roman protectorate.
- Around 700 the Arabs reached the area and began to Islamize the subjugated population.
- From 750 numerous Berber uprisings.
- Periods of rule by the Caliphs, Idrisids, Almoravids, Almohads, Merinids and Wattasids follow.
- From the 16th century, the Spaniards and Portuguese set up bases on the Moroccan coast.
- Around 1669, the Alawids, who still rule Morocco today, seized power and gradually liberated most of the coastal towns occupied by Spain and Portugal.
- In 1830, after conquering Algeria, France extends its influence to Morocco.
- Apple of discord between France and the German Empire at the beginning of the 20th century.
- 1912 Divided into the protectorates of French Morocco and Spanish Morocco in the north.
- In 1976, Spain granted its province of Spanish Sahara (Western Sahara) independence.
- Mauritania and Morocco divide the country between themselves. Bloody conflicts lasting years follow.
- Armistice from 1991.
- 2004 US designates Morocco as a key non-NATO ally.
- Status of Western Sahara still not internationally clarified.
Climate & travel weather in Morocco
- Northwest, coast: Mediterranean climate.
- Interior in the southeast and south: desert climate, very hot & dry.
- Atlas Mountains: continental climate.
- Recommended travel time:
- West, North: May – October.
- East, South: March – May & October – November.
Ideas for trips in Morocco
- Hiking in the Atlas Mountains.
- See Berber villages on the slopes of the Dades Valley.
- Walk in the footsteps of the Romans in the ruins of Volubilis.
- Film sets Aït Ben Haddou and Ouarzazate.
- Take a Moroccan cooking class.
- Camel tour on the caravan routes.
- Find goats in trees.
- Ceramic factory Naji in Fes.
- Desert tour through the Sahara.
- Dam Bin El Ouidane.
- Overnight in a Berber tent.
- Explore the Oudaya Kasbah in Rabat.
- Discover the souks of Marrakech.
- Visit Berber villages in the Anti-Atlas near Tafraoute.
Food & Drink in Morocco
- Many dishes have a Berber and Arabic influence, but also Andalusian, African, Jewish and Ottoman influences.
- Many restaurants in the larger cities also with French cuisine.
- Cookshops and international fast-food restaurants in large cities.
- Large range of fish restaurants on the coast.
- In the north also paella, caliente, tortilla and tapas bars.
- To almost every dish salad of onions, tomatoes, cucumbers.
- National dishes are tajine and couscous.
- Often a large mountain of couscous on a large plate, which is eaten with the right hand.
- Dates, almonds, honey, rose water and cinnamon are used for desserts.
- It is often seasoned and seasoned a lot.
- Typical spices: cumin (cumin), coriander, saffron, cinnamon and ginger.
- The best-known drink is Thé à la menthe (peppermint tea).
- Café au lait (milk coffee) and café noir (espresso).
- Good wines such as the Cabernet President Rouge or the ice-cold Ksar Rosé.
- Typical dishes:
- Harira (lentil and chickpea soup).
- Beghrir (pancake-like flatbreads with honey, butter or amlou).
- Briouats (stuffed and fried dumplings with minced meat and/or cheese and/or vegetables).
- Brochette (lamb, beef, chicken or minced meat skewers).
- Kefta (minced meat on skewers grilled over charcoal).
- Mechoui (Moroccan holiday dish, roast mutton or lamb cooked for 3-5 hours).
- Atlas Mountains.
- Ouzoud waterfalls in the Atlas Mountains.
- Dades Valley.
- Dune landscapes Erg Chebbi & Erg Chegaga.
- Bay of Agadir.
- Paradise Valley with the Immouzer waterfalls.